Facial hyperpigmentation, or darkening of the skin, can be due to many causes.
While increased pigmentation isn’t harmful, it can be a symptom of another medical condition. Learn about the types of hyperpigmentation, their causes, and treatment options.
What is Hyperpigmentation
Hyperpigmentation isn’t necessarily a condition but a term that describes skin that appears darker. It can occur in small patches or cover large areas, and can affect the entire body.
Types of Hyperpigmentation
There are several types of hyperpigmentation, which include under the eye pigmentation, also known as periorbital pigmentation, melasma, sunspots and post-inflammatory hyperpigmentation.
Symptoms and Risk Factors
Darkened areas of the skin are the main symptoms of hyperpigmentation. Patches vary in size and shape and develop anywhere on the face and body. The biggest risk factors of hyperpigmentation are sun exposure and inflammation, as both situations can increase melanin production. The greater your exposure to the sun, the greater your risk of increased pigmentation.
Other risk factors for hyperpigmented patches may include:
Oral contraceptive use, pregnancy as seen with melasma
Darker skin types, more prone to pigmentation changes
Drugs that increase your sensitivity to the sunlight
Trauma to the skin, such as scars or superficial burn injury
Other underlying medical conditions such as diabetes or Addison's disease
Stay tuned to learn about treatment options we offer at NOVA Medical Skincare to address hyperpigmentation. Meanwhile if you have questions in regards to your specific situation, please contact us for a consultation: www.schedulicity.com/scheduling/NMCBSD/services